少儿英语语法大全14一般过去时

  1、定义:表示过去某个时间里发生的动作或存在的状态。常和表示过去的时间状语连用,如:a moment ago,just now,yesterday,last week,this morning等。

  

  如:My brother often went to school by bike last term.

  

  The watch was beside the diary a moment ago.

  

  I watched the moon and ate the moon cakes last Mid-Autumn Festival.

  

  Jim went to the supermarket yesterday.

  

  2、构成:主语+动词的过去式+其他

  

  3、动词过去式的变化规则:

  

  ① 一般在动词原形末尾加ed

  

  如:play-played,listen-listened,look-looked

  

  ② 结尾是e的动词,加d

  

  如:live-lived,like-liked,taste-tasted

  

  ③ 辅音字母+y结尾的动词,变y为i,再加ed

  

  如:study-studied,carry-carried,cry-cried

  

  ④ 末尾只有一个辅音字母的重读闭音节词,双写这个辅音字母,再加ed

  

  如:stop-stopped,plan-planned

  

  ⑤ 不规则变化 如:

  

  am/is-was

  

  are-were

  

  have/has-had

  

  do-did

  

  go-went

  

  sit-sat

  

  tell-told

  

  see-saw

  

  get-got

  

  make-made

  

  give-gave

  

  read-read

  

  buy-bought

  

  come-came

  

  draw-drew

  

  eat-ate

  

  fly-flew

  

  meet-met

  

  put-put

  

  run-ran

  

  say-said

  

  sing-sang

  

  swim-swam

  

  take-took

  

  4、一般过去时的句型转换

 

 

  肯定句 否定句 一般疑问句及回答

  

  He watched TV yesterday. He didn’t watch TV yesterday. —Did he watch TV yesterday?—Yes, he did. / No, he didn’t.

  

  They played games just now. They didn’t play games just now. — Did they play games just now?—Yes, they did. / No, they didn’t.

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